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Collage within Collage : Carlo Scarpa and the Italian Baroque

Year 5 Thesis

"This study of collage will start by noting the issues involved in transferring the technique from art to architecture in the early-20th century, showing how most of the manifestations of collage which followed -- grounded in an overly simplistic counterposing of background and foreground -- were inherently static and limited.

Collage, as seen in the modernist architecture of Futurism or the seminal book in Collage City by Colin Rowe and Fred Koetter, came during the course of the 20th century to be seen increasingly as a reactionary tactic. But perhaps the problem of understanding collage stems from seeing it only in the view of its modernist pioneers. Instead, today, modernism is now beginning to be interpreted as simply another continuation of historicism, producing its own fetishised pop-culture objects, and thus being in line with earlier approaches such as the Gothic and Renaissance.

By reinterpreting collage as being in essence a tool with which to perceive a subjective experience of space, and as a dynamic concept which is more in line with the Baroque mode of thought, it can be utilised for an innovative re-evaluation of Scarpa’s modernism in post-war Italy as well as for a speculative conclusion about perception in general. This oscillation of architectural movements will be conceived as beginning with the Baroque, citing Gilles Deleuze’s rediscovery of the concept of the ‘fold’, derived from Gottfried Willhelm Leibniz, and asking why Baroque traits were suppressed by modernism."